In the Modern world Indian Jewellers have maximum creative designs because of India comes in the one of best persevering and innovational countries. The devoted designers are experts to prepare all types of jewelry designs whether it is simple jewelry or most touchy ones with complex designs. Nowadays Kundan Jewelry is become a one of the most highly involved jewelry in India.
Kundan Jewelry is made by highly refines gold and capable to called Kundan in India. Kundan is not only just gold which is changed into jewelry but it is depend on the precious stone
which set by jewelers. Kundan jewelry is not only made by solid gold but The center part of it, is made of natural resin.
Many people think that Kundan jewelry is a old fashion jewelry in India because the style of the jewelry is still same which will made in earlier time. But nowadays Indian designer made most attractive designs in Kundan jewelry using many precious stones engrafted on it. Currently in the market high range of Kundan jewelry is available. The stunningly designed Kundan jewelry is indeed a revel to the eyes. Emeralds, rubies and sapphires are the commonly used stone in Kundan jewelry.
At the ancient time Kundan jewelry was the ownership of the kings and the queens. Today there is very large stage to buy Kundan jewelry for all people who fall under high-income groups. Kundan jewelry style is inspired by “Mughals”; and today it is most favorite jewel for Indian bridals.
Rajasthan is popular India and abroad because of its gold jewelry. However the technique of combining gold with precious and semi-precious stones or Kundan work and the art of colorful enamel work or Meenakari have mainly been responsible for the immense popularity of jewelry made in Rajasthan.
Kundan work is essentially Indian and it was brought to Rajasthan from Delhi during the Mughal period. Craftsmen from all over the country came to Jaipur, Bikaner, Udaipur and Jodhpur, under the patronage of royal houses. Numerous royal houses from Rajasthan, encouraged and patronized craftsmen to create exquisite Kundan work on silver and gold.
The entire technique of Kundankari lies in the skillful setting of gems and stones in gold, which is rarely solid. The core of the ornament is made out of lac a natural resin. The pieces, which make up the finished ornament are first shaped by specialized craftsmen and left in separate hollow halves. Holes are cut for the gems, any engraving is carried out, and the pieces are enameled. Later lac is inserted into the hollow parts and is then visible from the front through the holes left for the gems. Highly refined gold or Kundan, is used to cover the lac and gems are then pushed into the Kundan. To increase the strength of the joints and to give it a smooth finish more Kundan is applied.
Kundankari is carried by a group of craftsmen, each carrying out a specific task. The chiterias make the basic designs, the ghaarias are responsible for engraving and making holes, meenakari or enameling is done by the enameller and the goldsmith is takes care of the Kundan or gold. The jadiyas or stone setters, set stones such as jade, rock crystal, agate, garnet, emerald, topaz, amethyst, and spinel into Kundan.
Traditional Kundan jewellery has stones encrusted on one side and colourful and intricate meenakari on the reverse. The beauty of Kundan work lies in the precise setting of stones into Kundan and the overall look of the ornament. Intricately designed earrings, necklaces and pendants of all shapes and sizes are made with Kundan work.
Jaipur is the main center of Kundan work. The famous Johri Bazaar is the nerve center of this craft. Nathdwara is known for its silver Kundan work. Bikaner is also known for its Kundan work.
History of work as Kundan Art
Djewels are specialization in Kundan Art .This art is related to Indian History. This is one of the oldest art of Jewellery making in India, this is near by 2500 years old art of Indian Gold Smiths of the Royal Emperors . Kundan Art is also known as Jadau jewellery in laymen Language in India . In this art gem stones are studded with very slim foil of gold. This is one of the ancient art of indian history which shows the glory of indian culture and prosperity. Later ” Mugals ( the Islamic Emperors ) ” also used this art in the beautiful Mugal Jewellery.
We have a art to show the Antique Finishing on our Jadau jewellery which looks too old and antique. Even no one experienced businessman will able to judge that our Jewellery is antique or new.
We have also specialization in Navratna jewellery ( unique arrangement of 9 precious stones ) either in setting or in Kundan. The beautiful or miraculous configuration of Nav-Ratnas the nine Gem Stones ( Ruby, Diamond, Emerald, Yellow Sapphire, Cats eye, Blue Sapphire, Zircon, Red Coral and Baroque Pearl ). We also produces light weigh and plain gold jewellery as per order and demands of our precious clients.
Enameling is the art of colorings or decorating a metal surface by attaching or fusing pieces of different mineral substances, over it. Enameling is considered the most alluring and technical of all metal decorations. In the past enameling was only done on gold, but presently it is done other metals like silver, copper etc.
The art of decorating metal with enameling or Meenakari was alien to India and was introduced by the Mughals. Raja Man Singh of Amber brought Meenakari to Rajasthan at the turn of the 16th century. Man Singh brought skillful minakars from the Mughal palace at Lahore and established them in Jaipur, which became the center of Meenakari. The technique of Meenakari requires a high degree of skill and application. The piece of metal on which meenakari is to be done is fixed on a lac stick. Delicate designs of flowers, birds, fish etc are etched or engraved on it. This leads to the creation of walls or grooves, to hold color. Enamel dust of required color is then poured into the grooves and each color is fired individually. The heat of the furnace melts the color and the coloured liquid gets spread equally into the groove. This process is repeated with each colour.
As each color is individually fired, colors, which are most heat resistant, are applied first, as they are re-fired with each additional color. As a rule, white is the first color applied, and red the last.
After the last color has been fired, the object is cooled and burnished or polished with agate. The depth of the grooves filled with different colors determines the play of light.
Both Silver and Gold can be used as a base for meenakari. A limited number of colors, like gold, blue, green and yellow, stick to silver, whereas all available colors can be applied to gold, making it the preferred medium of enamellers.
The meenakar often works with a team of craftsmen. As meenakari is generally done on the reverse side of Kundan jewellery, the meenakar has to work with the goldsmith, the engraver or ghaaria, the designer or chitteria and jadiya who applies the gems on the Kundan or gold. The finished produced is a marvel of the expertise of these different craftsmen and their techniques.
Jaipur is the main center of meenakari. Traditional Mughal colours like red, green and white, dominate the art of enameling from Jaipur. The rich, ruby red color used here is highly sought after. Nathdwara, Bikaner and Udaipur are also famous for their silver meenakari. Pratapgarh is known for glass enamelling. Delhi and Banars are also important centers for meenakari.